UNICEF on Campus @ University of Calgary

November 29th, 2009

P4 – Protection and support for children affected by HIV and AIDS

Posted by unicefadmin in Uncategorized, UNICEF Causes  Tagged ,

Worldwide there are an estimated 15 million children who have lost one or both parents to AIDS. These and other children affected by AIDS remain vulnerable within their families and communities and need support.

In the area of care and protection for children affected by HIV, governments are increasingly investing in social protection systems that support families affected by HIV. Protection, care and support for children affected by AIDS have increased and more children orphaned by AIDS are attending school.

Supporting AIDS sensitive but not AIDS exclusive responses

Support to these children continues to be carried out by families, faith-based groups and other small organisations. Responses that address children’s vulnerability in general are the best basis by which to assist those children, families and communities directly affected by AIDS. While support to strengthen family and community responses to the epidemic remains a high priority, there is recognition of the need to support national protection systems, including government capacity to address child welfare generally.

Link

November 22nd, 2009

P3 – Preventing infection among adolescents and young people

Posted by unicefadmin in Uncategorized, UNICEF Causes  Tagged ,

Significant numbers of young people continue to be infected with HIV each year, and girls in sub-Saharan Africa, in particular, remain vulnerable.

Several countries with high HIV prevalence are seeing decreases in risky behaviour. Yet, significant numbers of young people continue to be infected with HIV. In 2007 there were 5.5 million young people living with HIV, with a disproportionate number of girls and young women. In Southern Africa young women are 2 – 4.5 times more likely to be infected. In Sub-Saharan Africa it is important to address the greater HIV risks to girls of multiple concurrent partnerships, intergenerational sex, transactional sex and gender-based violence.

Too few young people have comprehensive and correct knowledge about HIV and how to avoid transmission.

In countries with low-prevalence and concentrated epidemics, HIV prevention responses focused on adolescent risk behaviours – including injecting drug use, unprotected sex between males, and sex in exchange for gifts and money – should be a priority.

Link

November 16th, 2009

P2 – Providing paediatric treatment

Posted by unicefadmin in Uncategorized, UNICEF Causes  Tagged ,

Children under the age of one are not getting diagnosed and are missing out on treatment. As a result, large numbers of very young children are dying every year because of AIDS.

Globally, there are currently 2 million children living with HIV. The number of HIV-positive children benefiting from HIV treatment programmes increased from 75,000 in 2005 to nearly 200,000 in 2007.

One third of children living with HIV who are without access to antiretroviral treatment die by age one, and half by age two

The critical group of youngest children – newborns, are not being tested and treated early enough and are dying of AIDS-related illnesses – something that can be easily avoided with early diagnosis and treatment. Mortality levels are reduced by up to 75 per cent when infants are tested early and treated within the first 12 weeks of life. In 2007, however, only 8 per cent of children born to HIV-positive women were tested before they were two months old. The average for children with HIV begin antiretroviral treatment is between five and nine years old, in many cases too late to have optimal benefit.

Link

November 9th, 2009

P1 – Preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV

Posted by unicefadmin in Uncategorized, UNICEF Causes  Tagged ,

For the next 4 weeks, we will be posting resources in anticipation of the AIDS Awareness Week. Please take a look at how UNICEF is changing the landscape for HIV and AIDS prevention.

Most pregnant women diagnosed with HIV do not have access to essential care and treatment, including antiretroviral therapy for their own health, to further reduce HIV transmission to their babies and prevent orphaning.

Since the launch of the Unite for Children, Unite against AIDS Call to Action (2005) there has been significant progress in scaling up of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and provision of paediatric HIV treatment. In 2007, a third of HIV-positive pregnant women received antiretroviral to prevent transmission to their children, a substantial increase compared with only 10 per cent in 2004.

Coverage for PMTCT and paediatric HIV treatment remain too low

Progress in the delivery of medicines to HIV-positive women varies according to region. Overall, provision of medicines for PMTCT has improved in sub-Saharan Africa, reaching 43 per cent of pregnant women living with HIV in Eastern and Southern Africa in 2007, up from 31 per cent in 2006, and 11 per cent in West and Central Africa, up from 7 per cent. Uptake increased in East Asia and the Pacific from 24 per cent in 2006 to 38 per cent in 2007 and in South Asia from 10 per cent to 13 per cent. There was no change in CEE/CIS and in Latin America and the Caribbean between 2006 and 2007 as these two regions were already at a high rate of coverage.

Strengthening maternal, newborn and child health services will enable women to access services to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV and promote maternal and child survival as part of a continuum of care.

Link

November 2nd, 2009

A UNICEF Success Story from Nicaragua

Posted by unicefadmin in UNICEF Causes  Tagged , ,

In Nicaragua, growing environmental degradation and poor hygiene practices exacerbate poverty, diseases and vulnerability to disasters. A third of the population has no access to sustainable sources of drinking water and while it is reported that more than 75 percent of the country’s rural population has access to sanitation facilities, latrine use is low. However, for those living in the northern and southern Atlantic regions of the country, they are far below the national averages, with only 18 percent having access to water and 20 percent having access to sanitation.

Thanks to the support of Tap Project donors like you, UNICEF is working to overcome these challenges in these regions by implementing culturally–sensitive tactics for the promotion of hygiene and environmental sanitation in communities and schools. These programs aim to reach 1,400 people by giving them access to safe sanitation facilities in their households.

In addition, local communications campaigns will stress the importance of a healthy home environment and will seek to increase the knowledge and adoption of proper household hygiene and sanitation. Likewise, the program will provide 400 school children with access to safe water and sanitation facilities in their school. This will coincide with the teaching of healthy hygiene habits by teachers and will be reinforced through promotional materials made available through this program.

Link

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